American football conjures many conflicting images: school spirit and team brotherhood on the one hand, trash talk and debilitating injuries on the other. This explains why the sport remains controversial despite its widespread popularity. On balance, however, football has more positives in terms of developing good citizens and leaders. In fact, numerous American presidents credit their successes to playing football while young men. Football fosters traits that cause players to stand out from the crowd.
Physical strength, endurance, agility, speed and flexibility are all enhanced from participation on a football team. Most of these assets are gained in practice. Strength training through calisthenics and weights, plyometric drills, agility drills with tires and ladders, sprints and various stretching regimens are all incorporated into regular practice and running plays.
Players must overcome fatigue, maintain concentration and remain prepared for surprises on the field in order to win ball games. This is instilled through repetition, the coach¡¯s leadership and positive peer pressure. History provides ample record of teams defeating opponents of superior strength and ability through the sheer force of will power.
Teamwork goes beyond a group deciding to work together. It is achieved when they do so smoothly and efficiently. A quarterback must have a feel for the speed and agility of his receivers. Likewise, defensive players must have a sense of where each teammate is in order to foil a play or limit yardage gains by the opposing team. When players see the advantage of cooperating in a single effort, they can utilize it in their academic and professional lives.
Despite talent, drive and instinct, even the best players get frustrated. There is nothing like defeat to winnow out the ego, vanity and rigidness that can poison a football team. Whether a setback is suffered by an individual or the team as a whole, it can serve as a teachable moment for athletes. The Syracuse University team discovered this in the early 1990s, when a mediocre season followed on the heels of a successful one.
Though it is not classified as an extreme sport, football has the potential for serious physical harm. In fact, veteran pro players such as Troy Aikman believe the professional leagues have stepped over the line in terms of danger to players. Yet any game involving blocking and tackling is bound to carry risk. If responsibly managed, the omnipresent danger can serve as an opportunity for reticent athletes to face fears. Courage can not be forged in risk-free environments.
Sharing in victories, defeats, sufferings, discipline and learning invariably forges bonds among players. The athletes learn to appreciate one another¡¯s good points ¨C and tolerate their annoyances. Former Indianapolis Colt Rob Morris recalls many friendships made with college and pro teammates, and credits them with having built his character. He does not miss the game so much as the company of his colleagues.
Successful football players pay attention, not only to the play at hand but also to their surroundings. While a coach might call a play requiring the offensive backfield to rush to the quarterback¡¯s left for a handoff or lateral toss, the defense might anticipate this and mirror the offensive movement accordingly. Consequently, the backfield players and the quarterback must react quickly with an alternative play. Enough of these scenarios make the senses more acute.
Football improves analytical ability by forcing players to understand strategy and spatial arrangements. Certain patterns work best for certain player rosters. Defensive formations are based on the anticipated assaults of the offense. Newbies begin by doing what they are told. If they play long enough however, athletes begin to understand why a play is called and why one player might replace another for particular plays.
Out of every football team will rise leaders. Those gifted with the ability to exhort, motivate and inspire often shine in the context of football. It is no surprise, then, that nine of the most recent American presidents either played or supported college football. Some want to win more; others will not abide laziness or bad attitudes. Whatever the motivation, leadership skills are developed in a football squad.
Without a doubt, football commands the respect of a vast majority of people. Particularly on the scholastic and top-tier collegiate levels, football draws crowds far in excess of other team sports. The mental and physical toughness required by football has a peculiar appeal that makes the game an effective revenue producer. Those who excel on the gridiron can expect ¨C and deserve ¨C the respect of their communities.
Strength training or weightlifting for basketball players is different than lifting in other sports due to the skill demands of the sport. According to the Sports Fitness Advisor, basketball players need explosive power and coordination more than size. There are several schools of thought regarding basketball and lifting and whether workouts should occur before or after practice.
The main reason that a debate exists for the scheduling of basketball weight training is because of the skill demands basketball has. Basketball players must use virtually every muscle and often finesse or touch is just as important as strength. Some believe that lifting before a practice or game will wear players out and tire the muscles so much that it will mess with the ability to shoot or put touch on the ball. Some believe that shooting can be affected long term by compensating for tired muscles.
Most teams and players prefer to work out after a practice or even after games. According to former basketball player Thomas Emma, lifting after a practice or game should be done immediately after and be performed for no longer than 30 to 35 minutes. The idea is that the muscles will still be warm and they will not be worn out by a short session, therefore you will still get some strength benefits. This also eliminates any worries about messing up shooting form because there will be an extended rest time before the next game.
According to Stack Magazine, some players, including basketball legend Michael Jordan actually prefer lifting before games or practices. Former Jordan trainer Fred Whitfield notes that before practice sessions focused on light weights, quick reps and agility work and avoided heavy lifts. That plan was designed to alleviate the concerns of practicing or playing basketball directly after the workout.
According to Emma, the best way to make a decision regarding lifting is to see how individual players respond to strength training. Emma notes that some athletes like Jordan can immediately play with no ill effects, while others need 48 hours to recover from a heavy lifting session. It is important to monitor muscle soreness which can affect flexibility and movement on the court. Emma suggests even substituting weightlifting for regular practice at times so players have more time to recover before basketball skill activities.
When football began to be popular in the late 1800s, the uniforms and equipment were similar to those used in rugby. It wasn’t until 1939 that football helmets were even considered mandatory. Present-day football has evolved considerably, and safety is a key issue. Whether you are playing for fun or for competition, a fair amount of equipment will be needed to safely enjoy the sport.
Even the most rudimentary style of tackle football will require some equipment to play with a reduced risk of injury. The basic list of what will be needed for any position includes a helmet, jockstrap and cup, thigh, hip and knee pads, a neck collar, gloves, a mouth guard and shoulder pads. Neck collars are especially important for defensive linemen and linebackers because they protect against whiplash.
For extra protection, visors and jaw pads can be attached to a helmet. Face masks are mandatory for football helmets. When purchasing a helmet, make sure it is of good quality and certified. The helmet should be recertified each year to ensure that it is still safe to use. Helmet maintenance should be performed with water only, and helmets should never be shared between other players or friends.
Generally, two types of shoulder pads are manufactured for football play. Cantilevered shoulder pads are of a larger size and are made especially for the offensive and defensive line, as well as linebackers. Cantilevered pads are also more restrictive in movement. Flat shoulder pads are designed primarily for wide receivers and quarterbacks, and they are of a smaller size. There is also a difference in gloves. There are receiving gloves with a grip made specifically for those who catch the ball, and gloves for linemen that are designed more for protection and safety.
Those who may be organizing an official football team will need to invest in much more than the mandatory equipment. Jerseys, belts, girdles, and laces will be needed for uniforms. Field equipment will also be required, such as tackling dummies, scrimmage vests, sideline markers and pylons. Teams also need equipment bags and water bottles.
According to the University of Nebraska, the approximate cost to equip and clothe each member of the Cornhuskers’ football team is $1,000 per person. The biggest expenses will be the helmet and shoulder pads. A quality pair of shoulder pads may be roughly $350 and the helmet may be approximately $340. With safety being the most important concern, however, these investments will far outweigh the possible consequences of playing without the proper equipment.
Whether you want a white, freckle-free face, a clear, acne-free complexion or smooth, wrinkle-free skin, BelleWave Cosmetics promises to carry the product you pine to purchase. Founded in 1980, the company features almost 40 skin-care preparations for women of all ages and skin types. Products contain blends of vitamins and natural botanicals that BelleWave claims respond to the real needs of women with skin issues, including aging, acne and pigmentation.
BelleWave’s GlamorWave line features products that help restore a more youthful complexion for the older set. Products such as Ageless Intensive Cream, Vigor-Hydra Balancing Masque, Stem-Cellogist Youth Complex and Cream Renewal all promise to defend the skin against the symptoms of aging. The BelleWave.com website claims that the GlamorWave range of products hydrates and deeply replenishes the complexion to tone and firm your skin as well as reduce lines and wrinkles. Other creams and masques included in the line help slough off dead skin cells, rejuvenate the complexion and promote even skin tones. The EyeWave line features four products that contain marine extracts and special botanical ingredients to prevent dark circles, dryness and premature aging around your baby blues. The MaskWave line includes another four products — facial masques — that moisturize, firm and soften your complexion. In addition, there is a MediWave exfoliating booster, and a HydroWave line that features two preparations that help to replenish moisture loss.
To banish breakouts and zap zits, BelleWave spotlights its ClearWave range of products. Composed of seven products, such as Blemish Spot Perfection Gel, Deep Cleansing Milk and De-Bac Astringent Lotion, the ClearWave line claims to eradicate acne by unclogging and tightening pores, and reducing shine and dryness.
If you desire a clear, white, pristine complexion like Taylor Swift or Nicole Kidman, BelleWave’s WhiteWave line promises results. C Luster Young Force Lightening Essence, Restorative Luminous Cream and Gentle Cleansing Milk are just a few of the WhiteWave products that reduce melanin levels to create lighter, whiter complexions without dark spots or freckles. According to BelleWave.com., WhiteWave products help block melanin signals and shatter melanin deposits, creating a white-washed effect.
In addition to aging, acne and pigmentation products, BelleWave carries a sunblock line called SunWave that also helps to moisturize your skin. The ProfessionalWave line contains complete skin-care kits only available to professionals.
Soccer entails a combination of jogs, sprints, stops and pivots. When cleats aren’t correctly sized or properly broken in, painful blisters can result, especially on the backs of heels and the soles of the feet. The best way to avoid blisters is to prevent the common causes of them.
Wear properly fitted shoes that aren’t too tight or too loose. Excessive foot movement can cause rubbing that results in blisters, while shoes that fit too tightly can cause blisters from excessive pressure. If you identify “hot spots” on your feet, those areas that become sensitive and red while wearing your cleats, place a barrier such as moleskin over the hotspot. You can also lubricate the hotspot with petroleum jelly to minimize friction. Between games, wear flip-flops or sandals to encourage your feet to stay dry, as constant foot moisture can lead to blisters. When you’re in your cleats, wear thin, sweat-wicking socks and foot powder to help keep your feet as dry as possible.
Football squares is a type of football lottery that gives all participants a chance to win. It is based solely on luck and there is no skill in determining which team has the better players and which team is likely to cover the spread. Instead, participants buy one of 100 squares. Each square represents a spot on a 10-by-10 grid and it corresponds to the last digit of each team’s scoring total. Football squares are usually played in college football bowl games, NFL playoff games and the Super Bowl.
Create a 10-by-10 grid on a sturdy piece of paper and write the name of the home team on the top line and the name of the visiting team down the left side of the grid. The visiting team is written in a vertical manner.
Sell squares to friends, family and coworkers. The squares can be sold for whatever your market will bear. If you are playing with students or young people who don’t have much disposable income, you may play for $1 per square. If you are playing with experienced bettors interested in participating in an event with a big payday, you may sell the squares for $250 or more.
Write the numbers 0 through 9 across the top of the paper and down the left side of the grid. Then put all the players’ names on the squares that you have sold. Have someone who is not participating in the square pool pull the names one by one out of a box or hat. Write the first player’s name in the square that corresponds with “0” and “0.” Continue picking names and fill up the first row with names and then go back to the second row and continue to do the same. Follow in this manner until all squares have been filled by a name. If the home team wins the game 27-21, you would win the square pool if you have the square that corresponds to “7” and “1.”
Distribute copies of the square pool to all participants well before the game. This way players know exactly what numbers they have and what numbers to root for as the game moves along.
Make sure all players know what the payoffs will be. In many square pools, payoffs are based on the score at the end of each quarter. In that case, you would make four payoffs in a particular game. The biggest payoff comes at the end of the game for the final score.
Preparing to get in the ring for a boxing match is a serious endeavor. You are going up against an opponent who is trying to hurt you, and you are trying to do the same to him. To compete in this sport, you need to be in tip-top condition. Jumping rope is a key exercise for building speed, quickness, footwork, endurance and confidence.
Jumping rope helps fighters develop their footwork for ring movement. The key to throwing a heavy punch is having a solid base underneath your torso. Moving your feet in the proper manner allows you to throw crisp and clean punches that cause damage, and helps you avoid punches. Jumping rope at a fast pace gives you confidence that you can move your feet quickly in the ring.
As you jump rope in the gym, you become an expert at turning your wrists, hopping over the rope and doing it again and again. As you become more accomplished, add speed to the exercise by turning the rope faster. This is key as it increases your ability to time movements and throw punches while you are balanced. If you throw punches while your feet are not placed correctly, they lack force and power. Throwing punches with expert timing allows you to hit your opponent with force. Timing is more important than lifting weights when it comes to power punching.
Boxers often run in the morning prior to a session in the gym to build endurance. Once at the gym, jumping rope is one of the first exercises. Like running, jumping rope builds your stamina and endurance. This conditioning helps in the late stages of rounds and the later rounds in the fight. If you lack stamina, your lungs will burn and you’ll just try to survive the round and get back to the stool in your corner to recover.
Professional fighters use the jump rope to help them prepare for important bouts. Fighters such as Jack Dempsey, Gene Tunney, Joe Louis and Sugar Ray Robinson became expert rope jumpers as they trained. Muhammad Ali, one of the greatest heavyweight fighters of all time, was perhaps the best rope-jumping big man in ring history. In his prime, Ali displayed incredible speed in the ring. He would jump rope for 20 minutes at a time, constantly striving to get his footwork to a level where he knew he could out-maneuver any opponent in the ring.
Soccer and basketball are played at high schools and colleges throughout the United States and the world, not to mention on park and school playgrounds and professionally. Both sports provide players the opportunity to compete and reap the physical benefits that come with being physically active, but their similarities mostly end there.
Differences exist between soccer and basketball, including ball types, field dimensions and scoring. For example, while soccer typically uses a synthetic ball with black and white pentagonal sections, basketball relies on an orange leather or composite ball encircled with thin symmetrical lines. Soccer is played on a natural or artificial grass surface of up to 125 yards long and 65 yards wide. Basketball is played on a wooden floor 94 feet long and 50 feet wide at the college and pro levels, and on a court 84 by 50 feet at the high school level. You can score in soccer on goals and penalty and free kicks, and each goal is worth one point. Basketball scoring involves long-distance shots made from behind an arc that are worth three points while all other shots made from within the arc with the clock running are worth two points. Free throws, attempted from a line 15 feet from the basket while the clock is stopped, are worth one point.
Soccer goals are much larger than basketball goals, measuring 8 feet high and 24 feet wide at the high school, college and professional levels. Soccer goals sit on the ground at each end of the field. Basketball goals, also known as rims, are 18 inches in diameter and attached to the lower portion of a glass or wooden backboard 10 feet from the gym floor. A net is attached to the back and side of the soccer goal, while a net is attached to the lower portion of a basketball rim.
A soccer contest is known as a match, while a basketball contest is referred to as a game. A soccer match consists of two 45-minute halves, while a basketball game is made up of two 20-minute halves at the collegiate level, four eight-minute quarters at the high school level and four 12-minute quarters at the professional level. Soccer rules forbid the use of hands, except by the goalie and by field players on throw-ins. You advance the ball and attempt to score a goal primarily with the feet. In basketball, touching the ball with feet is forbidden and scoring is done using the hands.
Soccer uniforms consist of shorts and a polo-type jersey, while basketball uniforms consist of shorts and a tank-top jersey. Soccer players typically wear cleats, while basketball players wear sneakers. Soccer is typically played outdoors, with an indoor arena version also available. Organized basketball is usually played indoors, in venues such as gyms and arenas, but is also commonly played outdoors on playgrounds.
In basketball, one of the most sought-after opportunities is a fast break, which involves the offensive team pushing the ball upcourt in an attempt to score by getting ahead of the defense. In soccer, this type of offensive attack is forbidden because two defensive players must be between an offensive player, also known as an attacking player, and the goal. This rule only applies past midfield and, when violated, is known as offside. Offside is only called when the ball is played from behind, meaning offensive players cannot be offside if the ball is between themselves and the opponent’s goal.
When high school girls want to improve in basketball, they don’t have to wait for tryouts before the start of the season to improve their game. They can work on their skill level and strength and conditioning throughout the offseason. High school players who improve their speed, endurance and strength will become tougher to stop as long as they also work on their basketball skills.
Getting stronger to prepare for the basketball season will help you become a tougher and more effective player. This will help you hold your position when you are going after a rebound or trying to play effective defense. You can lift weights to get stronger. The power clean, push jerk, bench press, biceps curls, back squat, leg press and lunges are all effective strength training exercises for women basketball players. You can also use the medicine ball or kettlebell to do strengthening exercises.
Jumping higher and more explosively than your opponent is an obvious benefit in the game of basketball. You can do plyometric exercises and drills to jump higher and avoid knee injuries. Some of the exercises you’ll experience include mini-hurdles, tuck jumps, depth jumps, and medicine ball depth drops. A simple, sample exercise to perfect your jump has you stand under the backboard with your feet shoulder width apart. Bend your knees and jump as high as you can. Touch the backboard with your hand. As you come down, bend down in a crouch and then jump as high as you can again. Do this 10 times, take a one-minute break and repeat the set. You can also wear jump soles to increase your leaping ability. Attach the jump soles to the front of your athletic shoes and go to the local track. Sprint 20 yards in them and then walk 10 yards. Follow this pattern 10 times, and then remove the jump soles.
The ability to move with speed and quickness can help you win more individual battles than any one single quality. Improving in this area will give you a surge of confidence as well. To build quickness, jump rope, sprint, run stadium stairs, perform drills with an agility ladder and do box jumps. These exercise will help you become a more explosive player on the court and more effective overall.
You can play basketball all year long to improve. To bring your game up to a higher level, you have to seek out older and more experienced players. When you play better players, you will be forced to develop your ball-handling, shooting, passing and rebounding skills. “I always thought I had to find better players if my game was going to get better,” said Hall of Fame point guard Nancy Lieberman-Cline. “I always wanted to play against guys or older players because I had a hunger to keep working on my game.”
High school football coaches use tryouts as a time to assess the talent that is available to them for an upcoming season. Common high school football tryout activities include kicking, throwing, catching, blocking and sprinting, which are typically conducted with potential players dressed in shorts or sweats and T-shirts. Like the game itself, tryouts are a difficult process intended to determine who has what it takes to succeed on the football field.
In most situations, high school football tryouts begin with a gathering of coaches and potential players where introductions are made and the tryout process is explained in detail. Players are sorted into groups based on positions before separating to different parts of the field to perform position-related drills. Some coaches will separate you into position groups based on what your physical appearance leads them to believe you are capable of playing. However, some coaches may ask you to indicate which position you want to play. In either case, as the tryout process unfolds, your skills may reveal the position for which you are best suited.
Usually, high school football coaches use the 40-yard dash as a basic indicator of a prospective player¡¯s speed, which helps to determine which position you are capable of playing. The 40-yard dash is performed either alone or against another tryout attendee. From a three-point football stance, you will be required to break into a full sprint for a distance of 40 yards while a coach times you. This drill is a good indicator of how fast you are able to run and of your muscular endurance over a distance that is commonly covered during a football game. Typically, linemen run the 40-yard dash more slowly than other positions, so coaches will sometimes employ the 10-yard dash to ascertain these players¡¯ ability to cover shorter distances quickly. Linemen are usually required to cover distances in this distance range during a football game.
High school football tryouts typically require prospective linemen to perform hitting and blocking drills on a padded blocking sled. These drills require you, from a three-point stance, to explode from your stance, hit the sled and drive it backward for several yards. Blocking sleds come in several formats, such as two-, three- and five-man sleds that the appropriate amount of players are used to drive the sled. Coaches use this drill to determine a player¡¯s ability to perform the basic duties of an offensive or defensive lineman.
If you are trying out to make your high school football team¡¯s quarterback, you will be put through a battery of drills that include throwing, running and taking a snapped ball from under center. Wide receiver candidates will be called upon to run routes and receive passes from prospective quarterbacks or coaches as part of their tryout experience. Running back candidates can expect to be required to run through obstacle courses, such as tires or cones, and to receive passes along with the wide receivers. Defensive backs and safeties will be assessed by providing pass coverage during passing drills, while linebackers will perform a combination of linemen and defensive back drills. Kickers¡¯ and punters¡¯ skills will be evaluated by attempting field goals from different distances and by punting the ball as far as they can.